Panpsychism is a philosophical perspective that posits consciousness or mind as a fundamental and pervasive feature of the universe. It suggests that consciousness is not solely a product of complex biological systems, such as the human brain, but that it exists in some form within all matter.

According to panpsychism, consciousness is a fundamental property of reality, akin to mass or energy. It implies that even inanimate objects like rocks or atoms possess some level of consciousness or experiential nature. However, the nature and extent of consciousness in different entities can vary, with more complex systems exhibiting higher degrees of consciousness.

Panpsychism challenges the conventional view that consciousness solely emerges from specific arrangements of physical matter. Instead, it proposes that consciousness is an intrinsic aspect of the universe itself, potentially existing at different levels or degrees throughout the cosmos.